More Manifestos on Inclusion? Inclusion promotes happiness, confidence (Forrester-Jones et al., 2006), wellbeing (Johnson, Douglas, Bigby, & Iacono, 2012), decision-making skills (Johnson, Douglas, Bigby, & Iacono, 2009). It is therefore an important issue for every individual, whether with or without disabilities (Mahar, Cobigo, & Stuart, 2013).
Dealing with Inclusion in the current complex, multicultural, uncertain societies demands contexts to be capable of guaranteeing each individual, in their uniqueness, the possibility of participating in social and community life (Asante, 2002; Soresi, 2016; Shogren et al., 2016). It means having resources, strengths and dimensions of functioning which contribute to the utmost to wellbeing and quality of life, but it also requires a reflection on the actions to which each person can commit and to the efforts they can make to carry them out in specific living contexts, according to the different roles they have. We mean, for instance, the actions that “prepare for” Inclusion, that is all the good practices which go beyond access to contexts, beyond efforts to integration which just one person interested in participation in a specific context may carry out (Amado et al., 2013; Soresi, 2016). The meaning and value of the relationships that each individual can develop after accessing the different contexts is then underscored (Bates & Davis, 2004), and this can facilitate the development of a deep sense of belonging in a context from which supports are expected, and where knowledge and significant experiences can be developed (Cobigo et al., 2012).
Our current times can be described as “beautiful assemblies of differences, badly organized and hardly organized because of the complexity which characterizes them, but exactly for this reason they are a common opportunity for practicing those abilities and skills more interesting for our present and our future” (Soresi, 2016).
Inclusion requires to be strongly implemented
It requires actions likely to transform fine words and ideas into good practices
Nowadays, talking about inclusion certainly requires going beyond personal sphere and entering professional and community spheres and roles; it requires thinking of a series of goals that can be placed in any context at the core of its activities, either dealing with personal, professional or community objectives that should be broad, private and public for the benefit of inclusion.
And so, we welcome a new manifesto for inclusion if it means that we are all committed to reflecting on what should characterize an inclusive context (A given context can be considered inclusive only if …), on our personal commitment (Someone like me to act in favor of inclusion should..), on the efforts and role each of us can play in the specific professional contexts (As far as inclusion is concerned, I am committed in my work to…) in order to guarantee active participation, equity and decent work for each and everyone.
One, 10, 100 … 500 Manifestos for Inclusion
The second step is also underway: all the material received is being collected and organized in a book, which will be distributed free to all participants in the International Conference. For more information please visit http://www.unipd.it/counseling-and-support2017
Asante, E. (2002). Engendering Development: Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources and Voice, A World Bank Policy Research Report.(Book Reviews/Comptes Rendus). Canadian Journal of Sociology, 27(2), 291-295.
Bates, P., & Davis, F. A. (2004). Social capital, social inclusion and services for people with learning disabilities. Disability & Society, 19(3), 195-207.
Cobigo, V., Ouellette-Kuntz, H., Lysaght, R., & Martin, L. (2012). Shifting our conceptualization of social inclusion. Stigma research and action, 2(2), 75-84.
Forrester‐Jones, R., Carpenter, J., Coolen‐Schrijner, P., Cambridge, P., Tate, A., Beecham, J., … & Wooff, D. (2006). The social networks of people with intellectual disability living in the community 12 years after resettlement from long‐stay hospitals. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities,19(4), 285-295.
Mahar, A. L., Cobigo, V., & Stuart, H. (2013). Conceptualizing belonging.Disability and Rehabilitation, 35(12), 1026-1032.
Johnson, H., Douglas, J., Bigby, C., & Iacono, T. (2009). Maximizing community inclusion through mainstream communication services for adults with severe disabilities. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology,11(3), 180-190.
Johnson, H., Douglas, J., Bigby, C., & Iacono, T. (2012). A model of processes that underpin positive relationships for adults with severe intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 37(4), 324-336.
Shogren, K. A., Wehmeyer, M. L., & Lane, K. L. (2016). Embedding interventions to promote self-determination within multitiered systems of supports. Exceptionality, 24(4), 213-224.
Soresi, S. (2016) (a cura di). Psicologia delle disabilità e dell’inclusione. Bologna: Mulino.